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Brand: celine bag new york, First records ofSynoeca septentrionalis Richards AbstractNests of Synoeca septentrionalis were collected in two Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest localities (Itabuna and Santa Terezinha, in the state of Bahia and Alfredo Chaves in the state of Esp Santo). Synoeca septentrionalis was previously recorded only from Central America and northwestern South America. jrrenterprises.com The nest architecture is similar in all species: arboreal, usually on a broad slanting surface and with a single sessile comb attached directly to the tree trunk (Wenzel 1998). The genus was recently subject of a phylogenetic analysis, being supported as monophyletic (Andena et al. 2009).Although four species of Synoeca have been recorded in Brazil, Synoeca septentrionalis was previously recorded only from North and Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Panama) and northwestern hermes clic clac South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia) (Richards 1978; Andena et al. 2009; Cely and Sarmiento 2011). Active nests of Synoeca septentrionalis were discovered and collectedin Atlantic Rain Forest in Itabuna (14 39 and Santa Terezinha (12 39 Bahia State, and in Alfredo Chaves (20 40 Esp Santo State.The nests collected present a longitudinal groove extending from top to bottom, and a central dorsal ridge (Fig. 1). Richards (1978: 181) reported similar nests features in Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Cali (Colombia). The nest of Synoeca surinama is similar to Synoeca septentrionalis with a central dorsal ridge (Castellon, 1980: fig. 5). However, nest of Synoeca surinama has a keel instead of a groove. The nests were found attached to tree trunks (Santa Terezinha c. 1,70 m from the ground and two combs; Itabuna c. 6 m from the ground and one comb) and attached on the rock (Alfredo Chaves c. 2,10 m from the ground and two combs). Elisei et al. (2005) and Sidnei Mateus (pers. com.) also recorded nests of Synoeca cyanea attached on the rock in the states of Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso.Figure 1.Nest of Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Santa Terezinha in the state of Bahia.Synoeca septentrionalis is easily diagnosed by the presence of the outstanding erect hairs on the first metasomal tergum and sternum and by a dark triangular area in clypeus (Richards 1978; Andena et al. 2009). However, variation in the clypeus color pattern was observed. The nest collected in Santa Terezinha had eight females with clypeus entirely reddish, two females with clypeus reddish with a dorsal dark area, eight males with clypeus reddish with a triangular dorsal dark area, and five males with the clypeus reddish with a dark dorsal area. Celine Outlet The specimens collected in Alfredo cheap celine handbag Chaves (eigth females) and Itabuna (14 females) had the clypeus entirely reddish. Richards (1978: 181) also reported variation in clypeus color in specimens collected in Ecuador and Colombia.Voucher specimens are deposited at Entomological Collections at the Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilh Brazil and at the Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (MZUEFS), Feira de Santana, Brazil. Despite the male genitalia have been cited by hermes year stamp Richards (1978) and used in a phylogenetic analysis by selene underworld Andena et al. (2009) we also provided detailed drawings of this structure (Fig. 2).Figure 2.Male genitalia: A paramere B aedeagus in lateral view C aedeagus in ventral view D digitus in lateral view E cuspis in lateral view. Scale Bar = 0.5 mm.This finding extends geographical distribution of Synoeca septentrionalis to Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil, and celine paris handbag represents the first record for Synoeca septentrionalis in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain forest, raising to three the number of Synoeca species known from Bahia State, Synoeca cyanea (Richards 1978; Santos et al. 2007), Synoeca surinama (Richards 1978), and Synoeca septentrionalis.Geographic distribution of other Epiponini, Epipona media Cooper, previously described to range from Ecuador, Peru and Brazilian Amazon to the state of Goi was recently extended to Atlantic Rain Forest by Menezes et al. (2010). These data suggest that more exhaustive sampling in this region are needed to provide a diagnosis of the distribution of species, and a frame of the diversity in the biome of Atlantic Rain Forest for its preservation.AcknowledgementsWe thank Franco Edson Silva Dias for assistance during field work. This study was supported by CAPES (Coordena de Aperfei de Pessoal de N Superior) and FAPESB (Funda de Amparo Pesquisa do Estado da Bahia). This work is dedicated to late Dr. Kurt M. Pickett, wasp worker and friend.ReferencesAndena SR, Carpenter JM, Noll FB. (2009) A phylogenetic analysis of Synoeca De Saussure, 1852, a Neotropical genus of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Epiponini). Entomologica Americana 115 (1): 81 89Carpenter JM, Marques OM. (2001) Contribui ao Estudo dos Vesp do Brasil (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Vespoidea, Vespidade). S Publica Digitais Vol 2, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 144 pp.Cely CC, Sarmiento CE. (2011) What about intraspecific variation? Reassessment of taxonomic and phylogenetic characters in the genus Synoeca de Saussure (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae). Zootaxa 2899: 43 59Elisei T, Ribeiro JC, Lemos GD, Prezoto F. (2005) Foraging activity and nesting of swarm founding wasp Synoeca cyanea (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, Epiponini). Sociobiology 46(2): Menezes RST, Carvalho Filho AF, Raw A, Costa MA. (2010)Epipona media Cooper (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), a social wasp new to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Neotropical Entomology 39 (6): 1046 1047. celine bag new york A lot of folks A newer planting gimmick Tips about how really need to How to celine bag new york Will definitely be any of these A long way Might My partner and i